The first step consists of 3 actions that the student must take in sequence written down:
You can only study the theory of Tajweed from the books, and watch YouTube videos to understand better.
If you want to master the application of these rules, then you will have to go old school, and that is by practicing with a teacher who is strict yet gentle, consistent and steadfast with you, and puts you in your place with any big or small mistake by pointing it out.
Recitation: Once you know some basics of tajwīd (this includes ability to read Arabic letters and words together), you must focus on reciting a small portion of the Quran daily, outside of Fardh Salāh.
Recitation is the only way you can work on your tajwīd, and recite to an expert in tilāwah so that your recitation remains free of minor and major mistakes.
(Reciting beautifully with deliberation)
Fluency in recitation entirely depends on your practice and daily commitment with the Qurān; beginners can make excuses as to why they weren’t able to master the recitation, but an expert will always be adept at seeing through those excuses ( this, of course, is directed at all those who’ve never progressed beyond the basics of tajwīd into proper tilaāwah sessions after spending years going around in circles).
The second step has been divided into 3 sections:
Building a strong relationship with Qurān doesn’t stop at attaining oral fluency but it enters another level when the students delve into gaining basic understanding of Islam and for starters focus on reading up on the pillars of Islam, Qurān, Hadīth, and Seerah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.
Best way to do that would be to enroll in Islamic courses, and if devoid of this option the student must still learn and read up on all that he can about his religion.
Focused reading on certain subjects is not only highly encouraged but considered obligatory the more one secures Qurān in his heart. Understanding the meaning behind the words Allah revealed and preserved will change the student’s outlook on this life and the afterlife permanently.
Tafsīr should be studied with those who have a strong academic background and are free of dubious claims. If no such option is available, then the student must focus on studying the authentic and abridge versions of books of tafāsīr and consult his seniors in the matter for guidance and ease.
(Linking by) Thinking: Journey of memorization is incomplete without thinking over what is being studied and taught and linking the lessons learned with one’s daily actions. No one will enter Paradise/Hell-fire on your behalf; no one will think on your behalf- at best others can share their thoughts and ideas with you, but you’ve to put your brain to use and get accustomed to thinking in silence and connect your thoughts with the words of Qurān (Note: this doesn’t mean you come up with your own interpretation, but rather that you align your thoughts, words, and actions with the apparent teachings of the Qurān.)
Revision: Never give up on revision. Be prepared to recite Qurān in ease and in difficulty, in happiness and in sadness, in health and in sickness. Qurān will be your only companion in this world and the next that will guide you from darkness to light, and if you honour you, Qurān will shield you from Hell-fire in the afterlife, and misery in this life. Steps to revision can be split as follows:
Recitation: There is reward for every letter that you recite for the sake of Allah. Reciting in a loud voice will help you in recognizing the rules, and reciting in a low voice will help you in speeding up the recitation a little (and is also more rewarding).
Discussing: Ask Allah to bless you with a companion with whom you can share your discuss and exchange the gems from your lessons of Qurān. You can either find someone online or offline, and relationships built due to Qurān are one of the most blessed relationships in this world and a mercy from ar-Raheem, so make sure you actively seek out someone who will be there with you on this journey after placing your trust in Allah.
Teaching: There will come a time where you will either be directed to teaching, or feel that you’ve to teach others. Never miss out on any opportunity when it comes to helping others out for the sake of Allah; teaching with reinforce all that you have ever learnt and is a good way to test your confidence and relationship with the Book of Allah.
The final stage of perfecting one’s memorization would include the following categories:
Pondering: Here you contemplate on the verses of the Qurān, and move beyond the level of linking with your thinking. This means that you will be spending more time reflecting in silence on the signs from Allah. The process of thinking previously will move your mind into action, and the process of contemplation will strengthen your resolve to take the message beyond your circle and benefit the mankind with the wisdom and guidance from the Final Message.
Helping others with memorization: Not only will you be prepared to help others out with Qurān as you advance in your journey, you will also be qualified to help people out with their memorization. Only take this up if you’re able to devote enough time, be it one student at a time.
Mentoring: The final stage in your journey of seeking knowledge and teaching will be coaching others i.e. guiding them to that which will help them in getting unstuck with the Qurān.
A beginner should stick to the first step before moving on. An intermediate student will have to learn how to balance his time between reinforcement and revision. An advanced student of Qurān/teacher must focus on benefitting other students with his experience.